Wednesday, December 8, 2010

International Recognition for Malaysian Waste Technology

Top Plant: Kajang Waste-to-Energy Plant, Semenyih, Malaysia

Owner/operator: Core Competencies Sdn Bhd/Recycle Energy Sdn Bhd

At Malaysia’s first waste-to-energy plant, municipal solid waste (MSW) is converted into refuse-derived fuel for use in an integrated steam power plant. This facility was designed to achieve the twin objectives of environmentally friendly MSW disposal and generating renewable power.

Malaysia is a multicultural smorgasbord of Malay, Chinese, Indian, and British influences. This fusion of different cultures has helped to promote an entrepreneurial economy that embraces modern development. To meet the electrical needs of this dynamic country, the private sector is turning to new generation technologies. Commissioned in 2009, Kajang Waste-to-Energy Plant, which is located approximately 13 miles from the national capital Kuala Lumpur, is an example of such innovation.

The waste-to-energy (WTE) facility consists of the refuse-derived fuel (RDF) plant, which prepares the fuel, and the steam power plant. The facility has the capacity to process approximately 1,100 U.S. tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day into RDF in fluff form and then use that fuel to produce approximately 8 MW of electricity daily. Electricity produced powers the RDF plant, and the remainder is sold to the national power grid.

Malaysian Electric Power Industry

Malaysia has a population of 25,715,819 (July 2010 estimates) and is considered to be a middle-income country. Since the 1970s, it has transformed itself from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy, which includes high technology industries, medical technology, and pharmaceutical manufacturing, according to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) World Factbook. According to the CIA’s research, estimates of 2007 electrical production and consumption in Malaysia were approximately 103.2 billion kWh and 99.25 billion kWh. Recent statistics also show that Malaysia annually exports approximately 2.268 billion kWh (2007 estimates).